The Plough Gallery

This contains the horsedrawn ploughs; including a Sussex wooden turnwrest, c.1900, and a metal balance and reversible, c.1920s. These are just some of the museum's large collection of agricultural implements which span the years from man to machine power.

Here, on the ground, are a wide selection of horse-drawn ploughs together with balance ploughs made by Davy Sleep of Plymouth and Ransomes, Sims and Jefferies of Ipswich. The latter company also produced the two furrow plough displayed.

Above, on the shelf, are wooden ploughs of the early 1900s including examples made by Cook's of Cambridgeshire and Dickinson & Burne of Guildford. Even earlier models are represented by the Sussex turn-wrest ploughs which came into use during the late 1800s.

[Photograph of the Plough Gallery]

Sussex Turn-wrest Plough


[Drawing of turn-wrest plough] The turn-wrest plough has a wooden beam and body. The mouldboard, or turn furrow, was also made of wood and could be moved from one side of the body to the other, allowing the plough to be reversible. The ploughs on display were last used in 1900 and would have been drawn by a team of four bullocks.

Waggon and Hay Loader

Buckinghamshire Barge Waggon, c.1914. drawing Bamford Hay-loader, c.1918.

Just two of a wide variety of horse-drawn vehicles in the museum including a number of unusual examples from the reserve collection of the Museum of English Rural Life at Reading.

[Photograph of the waggon and hay loader]

Hops and Hop Picking

[Drawing of a hop bagging machine] This display contains the equipment used in this very important local industry. Farnham hops were of the highest quality and fetched the highest prices in the 1800s. Hop picking was usually carried out in September, whole families taking part, picking from six o'clock in the morning to five in the evening.

On display are the baskets used to pick and measure the quantity harvested each day. The hops were then taken to kilns for drying before being packed by compression into hop pockets using the machine shown here. The "pocket" was a large hessian sack measuring 7 feet by 3 feet.

Other tools on show include those used to cultivate the ground before the bines were planted in the hop gardens.

Hop growers in the Farnham district included Sam Bide, Ben Caesar, Alan Tice, Parratts and Marshall. Their hops were regarded as the best in the country and fetched top prices at the Weyhill Fair, near Andover in Hampshire.

Thatching and Harvest

In our handtool building you will find housed the tools used for thatching corn and hay ricks and stacks, cottages and barns, along with harvest tools like the large hayrake shown here.

The handtool display covers many crafts including a large collection of edge tools made by the local renowned Moss family.

[Drawing of a hay rake]
[Drawing of hand-tools at the museum]

Rural Life Centre : Old Kiln Museum : Accredited Museum
Supported by the Heritage Lottery Fund
Reeds Road, Tilford, Farnham, Surrey, GU10 2DL.
01252 795571 (Fax. 01252 795571)

The Old Kiln Museum Trust is a registered charity
Copyright Old Kiln Museum Trust 2007

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